Technology Standards

SBRC Home Kindergarten 1st Grade 2nd Grade 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade 6th Grade

 
The links above provide rubrics, exemplars, and teaching aids for each grade level. It is recommended that teachers be comfortable with the skills of their own grade level technology standard as well as the standards above and below their grade.

Further assistance can be received through your Technology Coach.

The links below provide an answer to the question
"Why include technology standards on a report card?"
  

A Word about Technology ~ Curriculum Integration ~ Assessment

Classroom Strategies ~ Support Systems

Standard & Rubric by Grade Level

 K  |  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6
  

 A word about Technology Knowledge and Skills

Our Educational System Must Produce Technology Capable Kids

Technology now permeates all aspects of our world, playing a central role in how we live, learn, and work. To be successful in an increasingly complex and information-rich society, all students must be able to use technology effectively. Within an effective educational setting, technology can enable students to become:

·         Capable information technology users

·         Information seekers, analyzers, and evaluators

·         Problem solvers and decision makers

·         Creative and effective users of productivity tools

·         Communicators, collaborators, publishers, and producers

·         Informed, responsible, and contributing citizens


All Children Must Be Ready for a Different World

 

Our parents want it
Parents want their children to graduate with skills that prepare them to either get a job in today's marketplace or advance to higher levels of education and training. Particularly in our own community, parents expect schools to help close the existing technology gap.

 

Our employers want it
Not only do employers want to hire workers who are honest, literate, and able to reason, communicate, and make independent decisions, they also demand workers to be discriminate users of powerful technology tools to effectively accomplish given tasks.

 

Our communities want it
Communities want schools to prepare their children to become good citizens and productive members of society in an increasingly technological and information-based world.

 

Our nation wants it
The Education Act of 2001, No Child Left Behind, recognizes the essential role technology plays in 21st century education and mandates that all children develop the necessary technology knowledge and skills to become successful global citizens.

 

… AND MOST OF ALL . . . OUR KIDS NEED IT

Additional information on research and application can be found National Educational Technology Standards Project (http://cnets.iste.org/intro.html).

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Technology Standards & Rubrics

These rubrics address two main areas of technology: Ethical Use, which covers the personal and social aspects of using technology appropriately and General Knowledge & Skills, which encompass the mechanical aspects of using the technology. For example, judging students’ ability to properly punctuate sentences is a Language Arts standard, but technically knowing how to use a keyboard to produce capitals or punctuation symbols is a Technology standard.

 

Standards at a Glance

ALL students will …

 

K

Knowledge & Skills

… demonstrate accuracy with mouse and keyboard to control program features.

Ethical Use

… practice good care with technology.

1

Knowledge & Skills

… operate a word processor to enter and edit text.

Ethical Use

… use accurate terms in references to technology.

2

Knowledge & Skills

… select features from program menus, illustrate writing with well chosen graphics.

Knowledge & Skills

… understand the Windows file schema to deliberately store/retrieve files.

3

Knowledge & Skills

… show good typing habits.

Knowledge & Skills

… apply good design principles to published documents.

4

Knowledge & Skills

… skillfully use a browser to select precise websites and extract specific information.

Ethical Use

… compile accurate bibliographies and respect copyright rules.

5

Knowledge & Skills

… apply common PowerPoint features to organize ideas into a multi-slide
              presentation to a specific audience.

Ethical Use

… show ethical treatment of information and discipline with online research.

6

Knowledge & Skills

… apply common Excel features to graph a set of data for a specific audience.

Ethical Use

… respect the personal work of others.

 

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Curriculum Integration Approach

Only when a technology skill is first introduced do we consider it a separate curriculum, much like learning how to hold a pencil or write in cursive. Each technology skill is an important "ends" to the "means" of academic success. At this level, some classroom time must be devoted to explain the technology concept and model the application.

 

However, research suggests that the most effective approach to learning technology skills is in the context of everyday classroom content. When possible, technology experiences should be embedded in academic standards-based activities. Factors to consider are the level of student access to computers, the close connection between the technology skill and the academic standard, and the amount of preparation required.

 

Assessment Method

Student technology skills outlined in grades K-2 are measured by teacher observation. As students have opportunities to use technology during everyday classroom activities, the teacher need only observe the students’ actions and behaviors and use the rubrics below to determine the level of proficiency.

 

In grades 3-6, student work that is produced from the computer activity is compared to exemplars to determine the level of proficiency. These exemplars can be found on the district Web site (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/).

 

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Teacher Resources

The Visalia Learning Center provides computer posters and keyboard charts to decorate a computer center. Student handouts, lesson guides, and a bank of sample activities related to each technology standard can be downloaded from the Techcoach Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/).

 

Proven Classroom Strategies

Modeling … The most promising strategy for learning technology skills is modeling. Posters, charts, or signal converters that connect computers to TVs can be useful visual aides to model with.

 

Contextual Practice … Activities that regularly connect technology skills with academic standards save classroom time and re-enforce the idea that technology is a learning tool.

 

Peer Coaching … Teaching class "experts" during recess or before/after school can help spread the skill to fellow students and free up teaching time.

 

Computer Buddies … Paring students on the computer takes advantage of shared learning and cuts down on repeating teacher instructions.

 

Authentic Assessment … For the first time in civilization, the younger generation is more adept at something so central to society. Encourage students to use adult tools to solve real-world problems performed before an authentic audience. In this combination, student achievement soars.

 

Computer Centers … Post computer rules and colorful signage near the computer center. Include a computer schedule and specific tasks to be completed. In this strategy, however, be mindful that technology is best used not as an event but as a natural "tool of choice" to advance a personal learning task.

 

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Technology Support Systems

The Visalia Unified School District is committed to helping all teachers succeed with the challenge of teaching technology standards. Support systems include:

 

Technology coaching services … The Visalia Unified School District employs four technology coaches. This service focuses on mentoring effective applications of technology tools in classroom practice. The coaches' role includes classroom modeling of technology-rich standards-based learning activities, just-in-time teacher support, and curriculum and assessment design.

 

Hardware & software support services … In addition to pedagogical assistance, the district has built a strong net of technical support. Four fulltime technicians support our K-6 schools on a rotation schedule. This level of support helps to assure that the classroom equipment and school lab is reliable when needed.

 

Infrastructure … The School District maintains a high-speed filtered Internet connection to all classrooms. This connection provides a safe Internet environment for student work and a reliable e-mail network for teachers.

 

Computer access level … At a minimum, each classroom has at least one Internet connected computer as well as a number of Internet connected computers in a library/media center. Each school is committed to maintaining a minimum level of computer access.


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Kindergarten


General Technology Knowledge & Skills – Keyboard & Mouse

STANDARD:  ALL students will demonstrate accuracy using a mouse and keyboard to control program features.

Notes: At the kindergarten level, hand-eye coordination is developed through practice. Fun programs like KidPix, Jumpstart, or Kidspiration support academic standards while giving students chances to experience the computer world. Modeling how to press the keys, track the cursor, and click a mouse are important strategies to use. A “Keyboard Chart” may be obtained at the Visalia Learning Center.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Not able to use the mouse and keyboard to operate program functions.

With assistance, can use the mouse and keyboard to control main program functions.

Independently uses mouse and keyboard to control main program functions such as:

o   Click an icon

o   Match letter with keyboard.

o   Proper use of “arrow” keys and “enter” key.

Use the mouse and keyboard with a high degree of confidence, accuracy, and skill.

Teacher Observation

Ethical Use – Equipment Care and Rules

STANDARD:  ALL students will practice good care with technology.

Notes: Developing good computer habits start early. Rules for proper care of the equipment may include: use clean hands, take turns, work quietly, follow directions, and ask for help if needed. Posting computer rules by the computer and “catching” students with good behavior are important strategies to use. A “Computer Rules” poster can be obtained from the Visalia Learning Center.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Needs frequent monitoring or reminders about rules when using the computer.

Inconsistent in treatment of equipment.

Handles equipment with care.

Follows posted computer rules.

 

Able to articulate computer rules to others.

Teacher Observation

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1st grade


General Technology Knowledge & Skills – Word Processing

STANDARD:  ALL students will operate a word processor to enter and edit text.

Notes: Word processing is a powerful “language sandbox” allowing students to play with words and sentences. The focus of this skill, however, is the mechanics of entering text on the screen, using edit keys to correct mistakes (delete, backspace, arrow keys) and making capital letters or punctuation symbols. Language Arts mechanics such as spelling, punctuation and grammar are to be scored under the Language Arts standards.

Useful activities may include: Typing spelling words, making sentence patterns, and designing number patterns. Examples of appropriate word processing programs include: Kidspiration, and Writing & Publishing Center.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Unable to open a word processing program or enter text.

Not familiar with punctuation symbols on a keyboard or how to make a capital.

Not able to correct mistakes.

Open word processing program with assistance.

Enters text with assistance; most punctuation symbols are made correctly.

Needs assistance to correct mistakes.

Independently opens word processing program and can enter text such as words.

Makes capital letters and punctuation symbols correctly.

Uses “delete” or “backspace” to correct mistakes.

Accurately enters text with appropriate capitals and punctuation and confidently changes text as needed.

 

Teacher Observation

 

Ethical use – Vocabulary, Equipment Care and Rules

STANDARD:  ALL students will use accurate terms in references to technology.

Notes: Using appropriate technology terms are an important part of computer literacy. The rubric requires knowledge of nine specific words. Posting a “Computer Parts” poster by the computer may a useful strategy. Such a poster can be obtained from the Visalia Learning Center.

Refer to the kindergarten rubric for suggestions on equipment care and rules.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Needs frequent monitoring or reminders when using the computer.

Does not use computer time well.

Not familiar with computer terms (computer, monitor, printer, mouse, keyboard, window, cursor, icon, menu).

Inconsistent in treatment of equipment and use of computer time.

Familiar with a few but not all computer terms (computer, monitor, printer, mouse, keyboard, window, cursor, icon, menu).

Handles equipment with care.

Maximizes computer time.

Follows posted computer rules.

Identifies the following technology related items (computer, monitor, printer, mouse, keyboard, window, cursor, icon, menu).

Able to articulate computer rules to others.

Uses appropriate computer terms in conversation.

Teacher Observation

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2nd grade

General Technology Knowledge & Skills – Menus and Graphics

STANDARD:  ALL students will select features from program menus and illustrate writing with well chosen graphics.

Notes: Adding graphics to illustrate a piece of writing is central to how ideas are communicated. This skill requires students to access different features of the program. Modeling various techniques to select program features is a proven teaching strategy. Techniques include using pull-down menus, icons, or keyboard shortcuts. Selecting a graphic that matches the content is also a factor to consider when assessing this skill.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Unable to apply commands from a pull down menu. Not able to add graphics to a written document.

With assistance, can apply commands from a pull down menu. With assistance can locate clipart or photos and add them to a writing document.

Selects commands from a pull down menu. Independently adds clipart or photos to illustrate a piece of writing.

Efficiently uses menu commands. Graphics are selected from a variety of sources and appropriately added to enhance the writing.

 

Teacher Observation

General Technology Knowledge & Skills – File Navigation

STANDARD:  ALL students will be able to save and retrieve a file.

Notes: By second grade, students should be keeping track of their work in a folder or on a disk. Saving and opening a file to a directed folder is the focus of this skill. Training a few classroom “experts” may be a useful strategy to use for this task.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Not able to open or save a file to a specific directory location.

With assistance, can locate a file to open or save a file to a specific directory location.

Independently navigates to a personal folder or directed location to save and open documents. 

Organizes personal folder into sub folders.

 

Teacher Observation

Ethical Use – There is no score to report in the Ethical Use area; however, it is expected that the ethical use areas outlined in kindergarten and first grade would be reinforced by the teacher and practiced by the students.

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3rd grade

 General Technology Knowledge and Skill – Touch Typing

STANDARD:  ALL students will show good typing habits.

Notes: Accuracy and technique are the focus of this skill. Teachers are not expected to teach keyboarding or assess typing speed; however, time should be spent modeling and practicing proper typing technique. Useful student handouts and teacher guides can be found on our Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc). A “Keyboard” chart and “Typing Posture” chart can be obtained at the Visalia Learning Center.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Does not use appropriate touch-typing technique to enter text.

o   Both hands on home row

o   Good posture

o   Typing without looking at the keys

Usually applies touch-typing techniques to enter text.

Shows a habit of typing with both hands from the home row with appropriate technique.

Types accurately without looking at the keyboard.

 

Teacher Observation

General Technology Knowledge and Skill – Publishing

STANDARD:  ALL students will apply good design principles to published documents.

Notes: As students improve their writing skills and extend the length of their compositions, the topic of page layout becomes relevant. Exemplars found on the district Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc) can be used to illustrate good design principles.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Elements of document are not balanced on the page. The content is distracted by font or color choice.

With assistance, produce a 1-page document with good design principles

o   Balanced layout

o   Appropriate fonts and colors that are easy to read

o   Content and graphics match

Independently produces a 1-page document that follows good design principles.

o   Balanced layout

o   Appropriate fonts and colors that are easy to read

o   Content and graphics match

Confidently creates
1-page documents with good design principles and can explain these principles to others.

 

Student work compared to exemplars

Ethical Use – There is no score to report in the Ethical Use area; however, it is expected that the ethical use areas outlined in kindergarten and first grade would be reinforced by the teacher and practiced by the students.

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4th grade

General Technology Knowledge and Skill – Internet Browser

STANDARD:  ALL students will skillfully use a browser to navigate to pre-selected websites and extract specific information.

Notes: Information relevance and accuracy are topics assessed in the language arts standards. The focus of this standard is the mechanics of using an Internet browser (Internet Explorer). Modeling how to navigate the Web and training classroom “experts” are effective strategies to use. An Internet Scavenger Hunt can be used to assess this skill (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/scavenger_hunt.htm).

For students who do not have a signed Internet Use Form granting parent permission to use the Internet, this standard will be supported with off-line browsing activities.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Not able to navigate to a directed website.

Not familiar with browser features (navigation buttons, home, stop, address bar, hyperlinks).

Navigates to directed websites with assistance.

Familiar with most browser features (navigation buttons, home, stop, address bar, hyperlinks).

Independently navigates to assigned websites and can extract specific information.

Uses appropriate browser features (navigation buttons, home, stop, address bar, hyperlinks).

Navigates the Internet independently to websites appropriate to the topic or task.

Able to assist others with Internet use.

Internet Scavenger Hunt

Ethical use – Copyright & Citation

STANDARD:  ALL students will compile accurate bibliographies and respect copyright rules.

Notes: The Website, Citation Machine (http://www.landmark-project.com/citation_machine/cm.php), is a powerful tool students can use to produce an accurate bibliography. A student handout and teaching guide are available on the Techcoach Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/). For the topic of copyright, a student quiz and teacher guide are available on the Techcoach Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/)

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Does not or unable to cite source material.

Unaware of copyright rules.

Usually cites source material with a basic degree of accuracy.

Familiar with copyright rules.

Always properly cites source material.

Able to restate key copyright rules in own words.

Always properly cites source material with a high degree of accuracy and honors copyright laws.

Student work compared to exemplars

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5th grade

 General Technology Knowledge and Skill – Electronic Presentations

STANDARD:  ALL students will apply common PowerPoint features to organize ideas into a multi-slide presentation to a specific audience.

Notes: PowerPoint is the program of choice in Visalia and this skill focuses on understanding how to use the main features of the program. Student exemplars help to illustrate “tasteful layout” and “logical organization”. These exemplars can be found on the district Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/).

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Unable to create a slide show.

With assistance, creates and presents a slideshow with at least three slides. Elements include:

o  Text boxes

o  Relevant graphics

o  Tasteful layout and logical organization

Independently creates and presents a slideshow with more than three slides. Elements include:

o  Text boxes

o  Relevant graphics

o  Tasteful layout and logical organization

Extend the proficient elements with:

o  Additional media forms (video, sounds, or music)

o  Custom images

o  Slide animations and timing

 

Student work compared to exemplars


Ethical Use – Appropriate Use & Copyright & Citation

STANDARD:  ALL students will show an ethical treatment of information and a disciplined approach to online research.

Notes: It is assumed that the topics of copyright and citation as outlined in the 4th grade rubric be reinforced and practiced in 5th grade. The Appropriate Use standard assumes that students are more independent users of the Internet. As such, students need to demonstrate discipline in using this medium. Assessment factors of this standard point to the student’s productivity and originality of work.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Wanders off track to inappropriate links when using the Internet.

Does not follow plagiarism rules.

Does not use computer time wisely.

Often confused by advertising prompts.

Lacks understanding regarding plagiarism.

Needs regular guidance to appropriately use computer time.

Recognizes inappropriate or irrelevant Web sites and reports them if warranted.

Understands and obeys plagiarism rules. .

Maintains a high level of integrity when using the Internet.

Maximizes the use of technology time to a given task.

Teacher Observation

Does not or unable to cite source material.

Unaware of copyright rules.

Usually cites source material with a basic degree of accuracy.

Familiar with copyright rules.

Always properly cites source material.

Able to restate key copyright rules in own words.

Always properly cites source material with a high degree of accuracy and honors copyright laws.

Student work compared to exemplars

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6th grade

General Technology Knowledge and Skill – Data Analysis

STANDARD:  ALL students will apply common Excel features to graph a set of data for a specific audience.

Notes: A spreadsheet is a powerful “math sandbox” for students to play with numbers, variables, and graphs. The focus on this standard is on understanding how to use the graphing features of a spreadsheet. Exemplars can be found on the district Website (http://visalia.k12.ca.us/techcoach/sbrc/).

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Not able to use a spreadsheet to produce a graph from a set of data.

With assistance, produces a spreadsheet graph using at least one set of data.

Independently produces a spreadsheet graph using at least one set of data.

Independently produces spreadsheet graphs with multiple data sets. Applies enhancing formatting features.

Student work compared to exemplars

Ethical Use – Privacy, Appropriate Use, Copyright & Citation

STANDARD:  ALL students will respect the personal work of others.

Notes: It is assumed that the topics of copyright, citation, and appropriate use as outlined in the 4th and 5th grade rubrics be reinforced and practiced in 6th grade. Privacy is added to this standard to reinforce the value of respecting ones work. This standard is also timely as students assemble personal portfolios.

Below Basic

Basic

Proficient

Advanced

Assessment Method

Unable to login and logout. Uses other students’ account.

Able to login and logout to personal account with teacher assistance.

Logs in and out appropriately and does not access classmate material without permission.

Always logs-in and out appropriately and highly regards the data of fellow classmates.

Teacher Observation

Wanders off track to inappropriate links when using the Internet.

Does not follow plagiarism rules.

Does not use computer time wisely.

Often confused by advertising prompts.

Lacks understanding regarding plagiarism.

Needs regular guidance to appropriately use computer time.

Recognizes inappropriate or irrelevant Web sites and reports them if warranted.

Understands and obeys plagiarism rules.

Uses computer time wisely.

Maintains a high level of integrity when using the Internet.

Maximizes the use of technology time to a given task.

Teacher Observation

Does not or unable to cite source material.

Unaware of copyright rules.

Usually cites source material with a basic degree of accuracy.

Familiar with copyright rules.

Always properly cites source material.

Able to restate key copyright rules in own words.

Always properly cites source material with a high degree of accuracy and honors copyright laws.

Student work compared to exemplars

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